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Antonio Gramsci and hegemony

3ème année

Antonio Gramsci and hegemony

Critical Approaches


Different from Marxism
He thinks about the movement of history, none power is stable. Marx predicted Technological revolutions / Growth of proletariat and proletarian revolution. -> The last one didn’t happen and Gramsci wonders why it didn’t happen.

So what is preventing the proletarian revolution from happening while all the material should lead to it ?

Gramsci’s response : Hegemony.

Hegemony = it is actually based on a classical distinction that can be found in Machiavelli’s work. Gramsci tries to understand h

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